Thursday, February 28, 2013

HOW DOES THE BRAIN CREATE LANGUAGE?




Short for who I am: My name is Gé Henning. For English speaking people it is difficult to pronounce my name and many are just saying Gay, but that can be done much better. 
Specially for whenever you have eaten fish with bones and just a small bone got stuck in your throat. The sound you create is the first letter of my name and than you only need the vowel e. There is a reason why I am writing this, in this document. You will see, just believe me. The knowledge in my brain I did not obtain by learning in the past. It is there and I write it down. 
Perhaps it can help scientists with their study. I have more knowledge, but that has nothing to do with how the brain does create language. 

Both humans and mammals can express sounds, which we recognize as speech. But there is a huge difference between the human and mammals. The human is able to think and to make a vision of the sounds they speak. In basic however the primitive sounds are equal. We humans call them vowels and there are only five of them and not six, as you might think. 


The vowels which we have in basic are: A, E, I, O and U. The vowel Y, which we also know as a 
consonant, is a human made vowel and not a basic sound. The primitive sounds belong to express feelings: Anger, kindness, pain, grief, etc. 

In my knowledge and view the basic sounds for all creatures, including the human, are all 
equal. Most important to know is, that there is never use of consonants. You might say: “That's not true!” but it is. Let me give an example with a cat. It says: “Meow”. Actually it does say: “e ou”. By the movement of the larynx, vocal cords, mouth, tongue, lips and lungs, we  hear the M and W. So mouth open: “M” “eou” “W”. The cat is only using its basic vowels. 
Remember saying my name properly? The way a mouth is moving, can give another sound to a vowel. 

When something hurts, it can be “ouch”, but the “ch” sound is created by the mouth and not 
by consonants. When a cow says: “Moo”, it actually says: “oo” and the opening of the mouth makes the consonant “M”. Dutch cows make it a little more aggressive, they say: “Boe” (translated in English: Boo). But it is just what language you are using to articulate the sound of an animal. 

Another nice fact to mention is that all creatures, except humans, can communicate worldwide 
with each other. They all make the same sounds. So it is easy for a Dutch cat to communicate with a Chinese cat. I even dare to say that a Dutch baby can communicate with a Chinese baby, only then those two have no idea what they are talking about. But still, some little  expressions of affection can be understand by both. 

Will continue now with the primitive sounds of the human. During the development of the baby 
in the mother there is a place created for the development of the neurons, which can control the primitive sound production. Controlling the larynx, vocal cords, mouth, tongue, lips and lungs. All this happens in a not yet active state. Ever heard of a baby which can talk inside its mother? But it is ready for when it is needed. It is situated near the area of Broca, where speech can be created from the moment the baby is born. Neurons stimulated by neurotransmitters and other molecules will create then the basic primitive sounds, which we call vowels. Important to say that the neuron is not making a sound but making it possible to create a sound with the larynx, vocal cords, mouth, tongue, lips and lungs. 

After the baby is born the creation of more sounds to these vowels are created. So we get 
Neuron A, Neuron E, Neuron I, Neuron O and Neuron U. They can connect to each other, which can produce more sounds to one vowel. We can see: aa, ae, ai, ao, au, ea, ee, ei, eo, eu, ia, ie, ii, io, iu, oa, oe, oi, oo, ou, ua, ue, ui, uo, uu. It can get even more longer combinations. 

Neuron A has a incoming possibility of five receptors and will only use the first receptor. 

Number, two, three, four and five are closed. For the Neuron E does it means, that the first, third, fourth and fifth receptor are closed. Neuron I has opened its third, while the others are closed. Neuron O its fourth and Neuron U its fifth. The same is for the outgoing signals. All vowel neurons will have a connection to each other to produce more different sounds. 


In the area of Broca there are only vowels active. By controlling the larynx, vocal cords, 
mouth, tongue, lips and lungs the sound is getting its shape. Consonants are created that way. 


Just try the word: Scientist. Say it and try to evaluate how it comes out of your mouth. Get 
your hands and fingers active by feeling your throat, cheeks and so on. Unless you are a brain scientist, than perhaps you can visualize what is happening. 


At the 12th week of a life other activities are going to start. The area of Wernicke is starting its 
development. Words will be made. Just slowly. Don't make any mistakes and keeping it easy. 
The brain will learn the language. The difference between Broca and Wernicke is, that Wernicke will display words as they are, including consonants. Broca will make speech happen by controlling the larynx, vocal cords, mouth, tongue, lips and lungs. 
Many other activities are going to take place: Hearing sounds, language, thinking of language and sound, talking to yourself in your brain, smelling things and get a recognition of what you smell and explaining it in words, but it is not my intention to write more about those activities. 


You even can talk without the use of your mouth, tongue and lips. Think of a ventriloquist. But 
you don't have to be one, to discover that you can do it as well. Take a microphone and put it under your chin. Start talking and see what happens. Of course the microphone needs to be connected to a device which can display the sound from the microphone. 


Conclusion: In basic, humans and mammals have the opportunity to produce sound with five 
neurons, which control the larynx, vocal cords, mouth, tongue, lips and lungs. These sounds are in connection with feelings in the body and are activated when necessary. By the movement of the larynx, mouth, tongue and lips consonants can be created in sound. These neurons can be compared with neurons that control muscles. 


Information that is created in the area of Wernicke will be transferred to she short term 
memory, which will copy it to the long term memory. 
Suppose you see the word: Floccinauccinihilipilification. There is a big chance you will forget it very fast. Even when you know what it means: 


This word has been used by Sir Walter Scott and Senators Robert Byrd and Daniel Patrick 
Moynihan. It was used by Senator Jesse Helms in 1999 during the debate on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty [Randolph V. Cinco]. It also appeared on March 14, 1996, in “Zippy,” a comic strip distributed by King Features Syndicate: 

"Do you think I may be too quick to find fault with things and people, Zippy?" 

Yeh. 
Th’ ‘floccinaucinihilipilification’ process. 
Th’ what? 
Floccinaucinihilipilification!! It means ‘the estimation of something as valueless’! 
You’ve been randomly reading th’ dictionary, haven’t you? 
Yes. That and my natural tendency toward antifloccinaucinihilipilification!!